Congo Basin Equatorial Forest in DRC: World’s Largest Peatland Reserve.
Just two years after the Paris agreement, the ONE PLANET SUMMIT announced concrete initiatives on the fight against global warming. A summit attended by 4000 representatives of States and civil society from all over the world.
In Kinshasa on 31 January, French Ambassador Alain Rémy opened the evening “The Congo Forest and the fight against climate change” at the French Institute in Kinshasa, saying:”The effects of global warming are visible: Hurricane Irma last September devastated a large part of the French West Indies. It was the most powerful hurricane ever recorded in the North Atlantic. The amount of damage estimated at 67 billion dollars or nearly twice the DRC’s GDP “.
However, in the fight against climate change, the DRC has an extraordinary asset: its forest.
Preserving the Congolese forest is not only a climate issue, but it is also a tremendous opportunity for economic and social development.
France 2’s report, screened earlier that evening, followed scientists who suspect the presence of a carbon bomb whose explosion could be devastating, the peatlands.
Peatlands made of decomposed plant waste act as carbon sinks. To locate them, scientists have mapped an area slightly larger than England.
According to Simon Lewis,”Peat lands are particularly dense in carbon. The peatlands of the equatorial forest in the Congo Basin are thought to store about 30 billion tonnes of carbon. It is the equivalent of 3 years of carbon dioxide emissions worldwide. That’s why it’s essential to protect them.
So what measures can the Congolese government take to preserve this invaluable heritage ?
During this evening, the Deputy Prime Minister of Congo took the floor:”President Joseph Kabila made a long-standing commitment to put the DRC back in a leading position in the major cross-cutting themes of climate and environment” This strategy identifies the direct and indirect drivers of deforestation in the DRC and targets intervention pillars “.
By getting closer to sister nations withforests such as Brazil and Indonesia, we will be better able to jointly defend the plan of action to reduce greenhouse carbon emissions associated with the destruction of our forests. The three forest basins ensure the survival of the planet the three respective host countries a global responsibility.
Alain Rémy concluded:”The One Planet summit created other financing mechanisms. Among the 12 proposals announced at the end of this summit, two are of direct relevance to the DRC. First, a joint statement by the development banks to mobilise more than $200 billion in support of the fight against global warming. On the other hand the problem of financing tropical zones with an agreement signed between UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) and private banks that have raised $10 billion by 2025 to finance green and sustainable growth in developing countries “.